I N S T I T U T I O N S

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC
The President of the Republic, Head of the State, Chief of the Armies and Chief of the executive, is elected for 5 years by direct vote. He is re-eligible only once.

In the event of vacancy of the presidency, the duties of the President of the Republic are taken over temporarily by the President of the National Assembly for a period of 45 days to 90 days during which he proceeds to the election of the new President of the Republic.

The President of the Republic appoints the Prime Minister, Chief of the Government, the Presidents of the Economic and Social Council, the Supreme Court and the Constitutional Council.

On proposition of the Prime Minister, the President of the Republic appoints the other members of the Government.

In its capacity as chief of the Administration, he appoints the civil and military officers of the State.

The President of the Republic takes care of the respect of the constitution; he ensures the continuity of the State. He is the protector of the national independence, the integrity of the territory, the respect of the treaties and international agreements.

He has the initiative of the laws jointly with the members of the National Assembly.

He ensures the execution of the laws and the decisions of court.

The President of the Republic has the right to have mercy. He determines and leads the policy of the Nation.

He chairs the Cabinet Meetings. When he is out of the Country, the president of the Republic is surrogated by the Prime Minister.


THE PARLIAMENT
The Parliament consists of a single chamber known as National Assembly whose members, carry the title of "députés (members of parliament)", are elected for five years by a direct vote.

The Parliament votes laws and authorizes taxes.

The National Assembly consists of a Bureau, Technical Commissions and Parliamentary Groups.

  1. The Bureau of the National Assembly. Consists of: 1 President, 12 Vice Presidents, 24 Secretaries, 2 parliamentary financial officers

    The President is elected for all the duration of the legislature. The other members of the office are renewed every year.

  2. The Technical Commissions. They are four of them :
    • The Commission of General and Institutional Affairs
      Matters of competence: Interior, Public office, Information, National Defense, Justice, Legislation, Constitutional Control, Payment and Immunities.

    • The Commission of Economic and Financial Affairs Matters of competence: Finances, Economic Affairs, Planning, Domaine, Mines, civil engineering, Transport, Transmissions, Habitat, Urban Development, Aeronautics, Agriculture, National Forestry, Breeding, Hunting and Fishing.

    • The Commission of Social and Cultural Affairs
      Matters of competence: Teaching, youth and sports, Public Health and Population, Work and social affairs.

    • The Commission of Public Relations
      Matters of competence: interparliamentary Relations, international Cooperation, Foreign Affairs and international Conferences.

    The National Assembly can also set special commissions for a specific object. Their existence come to an end after completion of their mission.

    Each commission is constituted by: 1 President, 1 Vice President, 1 General Reporter, 1 deputy General Reporter, 2 Secretaries.

  3. The Parliamentary Groups
    The Members of parliament can organize themselves in groups by political affinities.
    • The Group can be recognized as administratively constituted only if it has a minimum of eight members.

    • A Member of Parliament can be related to a Group without adhering to it.
    • None can adhere to more than one Group at a time.
THE CONSTITUTIONAL COUNCIL
Le Constitutional Council is composed of:
  • A President appointed by the President of the Republic for a period of six years renewable only once ;
  • Two Vice Presidents appointed for a period of six years not renewable ;
  • Former Presidents of the Republic ;
  • Six advisors appointed for a period of six years not renewable.
The Constitutional Council controls the regularity of the presentation of the candidacies, the eligibility of the candidates, the counting of the poll and the examination of the votes with regard to the election of the President of the Republic.

It enact on the regularity of the presentation of candidacy, on the eligibility of the candidates and on the validity of the legislative elections.

The Constitutional Council ascertains the vacancy of the President of the Republic.
It takes care of the regularity of the operations of referendum and proclaims the results.
The Constitutional Council checks the conformity of international engagements and the organic laws to the constitution.
Bills and draft bills can be submitted for opinion to the Constitutional Council.


THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL
The Economic and Social Council constitutes beside the Authorities a Consultative Assembly. It ensures the representation of the principal economic and social activities encourages collaboration between various professional categories and contributes to the development of the economic and social policy of the Government.

The Economic and Social Council is seized by the President of the Republic or the President of the National Assembly for requests of opinion and studies.

It is obligatorily seized, for opinion, on bills programs, in economic and social matter.
It can preliminary be associated to their development.

It can be seized by decree or ordinance, bills as well as draft bills entering the field of its competence.

It can be also consulted on any problem in economic and social matter.

The Economic and Social Council can, on its own initiative, draw the attention of the President of the Republic or the President of the National Assembly to the reforms which appear to him likely to support the economic and social development.

It can, under the same conditions, make known to the Government its opinion on the execution of plans and action plans in economic and social matter.

The Economic and Social Council includes one hundred and twenty (120) members appointed for five (5) years by Presidential decree of the Republic among the personalities which, by their competences or their activities, contribution to the economic and social development of the Republic.

  • A President
  • Six Vice-Presidents
  • Six Secretaries
  • Two Financial officer,
The President of the Economic and Social Council is elected for five (5) years with the majority uninominal system in one round.

The Office bearers, except the President, are elected annually with the majority uninominal system in one round.

The Economic and Social Council is organized in permanent committees. The number and composition of the commissions are fixed by the regulation of the Economic and Social Council. Ad hoc committees can be created within the Council for the study of particular problems.

THE GRAND CHANCELLERY
This Institution assures :
  • Admission and the advance of decorated by the follow-up of the proposals emanating with the ministries and other institutions, the decrees of nomination in the two National Orders (the National Order and the Order of Merit of Cote d'Ivoire);
  • The delivery of the patents;
  • Establishment and the follow-up of the information sheets of the decorated persons for the management of the data base;
  • Organization and Management of the archives fund including :
    • Decrees,
    • Dissertations and other pieces,
    • Patents
    • Informations Sheets, etc.



Several missions are assigned to the Grand Chancellery of the National Order, assisted in its tasks by the Council of the National Order and the Council of Merit of Cote d'Ivoire:
  • To ensure the compliance with the statutory rules of the National Order and the Ivorian Merit Order;
  • To ensure the management of the National orders;
  • To manage the spiritual and moral capital represented by the whole members of the Ivorian National and Merit Order;
  • To reinforce the state of political right and the republican virtues;
  • To contribute to the consolidation of the National unity;
  • To cause a healthy emulation and a willing to go beyond oneself;
  • To ensure the promotion of individual effort and
  • To acknowledge and reward the merit, the excellence and the services rendered to the Nation.

Copyright © 2007 Ambassade de Côte d'Ivoire New Delhi. Tous droits réservés.